The sector has advantages of natural compliance with global environmental and food safety requirements taking the first rank in the world in terms of the lowest levels of chemicals used in the crop production (just 0.1 tonnes per hectare of cultivated area).
The country has also secured the status of a grain power, annually supplying 5-8 million tons of grain to the markets of more than 70 countries, and in the flour export over the past few years Kazakhstan has taken a leading position in the world, annually exporting up to 2.5 million tonnes.
The key factors of investment attractiveness of agro-industrial complex: land resources, human capital. About 20 per cent of the active population is employed in agriculture. The 50 per cent of the population lives in rural areas and is ready to work in the agricultural and agro-industrial complex.
The plant growing industry includes 2 main segments: the cultivation of seasonal and perennial crops (wheat, barley, oats, corn, sunflower, rapeseed, soybeans, flax, rice, cucumbers, tomatoes, apples, cherries, pears and berries, as well as fertilizers for soil application).
The most promising areas also include the production of vegetable oil. The key factors of attractiveness are an access to the raw materials; the sown area for oilseeds (has reached about 3 million hectares). In addition, it is planned to increase the land for growing the oilseeds up to 5 million hectares by 2030.
It is planned to increase the land for growing the oilseeds up to 4.95 million hectares in 2030. The “Northern Soybean” program has been implemented, within the framework of which it is planned to increase the sown area of the soybeans up to 1.5 million hectares within 5 years, and to increase the gross harvest of the soybean seeds up to more than 3 million tons.
Today Kazakhstan exports more than 1 million tons of oil seeds, the main importers are Uzbekistan, China, and Belgium.
The export of the processed products has exceeded the level of 300 thousand tons. This includes the vegetable oils, sunflower, rapeseed, soybean, and flaxseed oils. It is to note that for all these items, China is one of the main importers. Also, an important export product of the oilseed processing is meal and cake which are exported to the neighboring markets such as Russia and Uzbekistan.