Kazakhstan embraces heritage, civilization and history
Interview: Dr. Abdulrahim Abdulwahed
Nature has been associated with man since the beginning of the creation, it was the stage of the tilt and the pain, and its green and barren land was paved and severe, its plains, valleys and mountains saw its conflicts, and it was destroyed by his blood in the past because of his victories and tournaments, knew, and lived his dreams and ambitions, and constructive for civilizations.
It’s also natural. The abstract is not only places and geographic spaces, but they are spaces to which the earth and the sky are connected, and in which the eye is gazing at the comfortable looks of its valleys, mountains, islands, bays, forests, meadows, gardens and birds.
Here is the Republic of Kazakhstan The most appropriate expression of these specifications of the green spaces is like a heaven created by God in the Earth and places of history Civilization, Heritage, adventures, excitement, thrill and relaxation…. The following dialogue is expressed Which is honored by the magazine “Arab Tourism” published on its pages With His Excellency the Ambassador of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the Arab Republic of Egypt.
Q: In a few words, what is Kazakhstan?
A: Kazakhstan is a Central Asian republic, located at the crossroads of different cultures and civilizations, embracing more than a hundred nationalities, the most prominent of which are Alczakh and Russians, the basic religions of Islam, Christianity and Judaism, and the population of this country is about 18 million, 65% of whom are Muslims, and constitute Kazakh, 55 percent, and the remainder are from different nationalities, with Kazakhstan having 50,000 lakes, 85 thousand rivers according to a government census, and tourists arriving in Kazakhstan in the months of May to mid-October.
Kazakhstan is not very different from Central Asian States, but it has the advantages of distinguishing it from others, making it a unique place: Kazakhstan is an amazing nature, namely, the country of lakes, mountains, forests, natural cisterns and large natural gardens.
Kazakhstan, a Central Asian republic, is located at the crossroads of different cultures and civilizations, embracing more than 100 nationalities, the most prominent of which are Alkzgh and Russians, and the two main religions are Islam, Christianity and Judaism.
The Republic has three time-bound zones, three associated with one climate: there are mountain slopes where forests are concentrated, where there are no forests, sub-Saharan and desert. The Altai and weathering-shan mountain ranges, which comprise eastern and south-eastern borders, limit heat and humidity.
Q: Is there a brief history of this Republic?
A: Kazakhstan is located in north Central Asia and partly in Eastern Europe (east of the Ural River), the country of Sabasp, formerly inhabited by Nomadic Knights, was annexed in stages to the Russian Empire and then the right of the Soviet Union, which is independent since 1991.. In the early days of the modern era, Turkish-Kazakh nomads, fishermen and cattle breeders whose social traditions are based on the tribal and clan tradition that have continued to this day, have been inhabited by these conflicting lands between the Chinese and Russian civilizations, which ended with alliances and military clashes to direct rule Of Moscow.
Kazakhstan, from the Central Asian Republics, is situated at the crossroads of different cultures and civilizations, and possesses a rich heritage and ancient archaeological sites. Kazakhstan is part of the Silk Road and has common borders with Russia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, China and the Caspian Sea.
The highest mountain in Kazakhstan is located in the main Tian-chai chain on the border with Qarqizia, the Khan-Ttehi peak of 6995 meters. Kazakhstan has more than 10,000 rivers, the largest of which is Artich, Urral and Seriraria.
Located in the heart of Asia, far from the oceans and seas, and bordering on its borders and neighbours, Kazakhstan has high mountain ranges that limit the penetration of marine air masses and is open to the Arctic, so its climate is extremely dry and continental, which is entrusted in the continental medium-range climates, which are subject The nature of its atmospheric pressure centers for the movement of the virtual sun, in the long winter the centers of high pressure dry cold, and in the summer turns (because of the approaching the sun and heats the surface of the Earth) to the centers of low air pressure dry hot, this reality has led to a significant variation in conditions Winter and summer thermal, winter is very cold and dry in all the country and temperatures range between-15 and-20 m in the north and-5 and-10 m in the south. The summer is warm north (18 20 m) and spicy south (25 30 m) This does not prevent it from landing to (-30-40 m) Winter and (+ 35 and + 45 m) in the southern deserts in the summer. Summer is mild in the mountains (20 25 m) and the winter is bitter in the upper north of the country.
The Republic of Kazakhstan possesses a series of mountain ranges of different sizes, such as Tian Shan, Altai, Olitau and KAZGORRT, a collection of beautiful mountains that are naturally enjoying and attractive to tourists who come to see them from all over the world. The Tian Shan Mountains are the highest among them, with the highest peak of about 7,500 metres, and Almaty, Kazakhstan’s largest city, is located at the Tian Shan mountain base. Tourists interested in and lovers of winter excursions and sports can easily reach the magnificent scenery directly from Almaty. The most popular climbing routes in the small Almaty Valley and the glacier, as well as the sights of these places, are also nearby. It is no wonder that Kazakhstan hosted the Asian Winter Games in 2011 because it has the right places to do so, and one of the country’s priorities is the deployment of winter sports.
Q: What about Almaty’s historical, touristic and adventure possibilities?
A: Almaty is the main tourist area, stretching from Almaty to Lake Belkhach, known as the “Samergy” or the Seven rivers (Ziticci in the traditional language) through which the Silk Road passes. The region is one of the largest geographically diverse regions of Kazakhstan. Zetisi is renowned for its unique geographical nature in its attraction for centuries.
It is also one of the largest cities in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1 million and a quarter of a million people, meaning “Almaty” In the local language “apples”, the origin of this label is due to the Apple farms that surround the city and cover its mountains in green and red, located at an altitude of 1,000 meters above sea level, which gives it a mild weather, makes it a perfect spot for rest and relaxation
Almaty was established The former capital of Kazakhstan in 1854, it is a commercial, financial and cultural centre. Its national museum informs visitors about the history of Alkzgh, and there are several suites with ancient monuments. Banflov Square is worth a visit because it has Russian churches built with wood, without the use of nails, and its construction dates back to the 19th century.
There are many rivers that stem from its mountains, stretching in the form of pearl necklaces that end in beautiful oases. The Big River here is “to me,” which begins its journey from China in the west, forms the Kabaga stream, and then pours into Lake Belkhach. One day it was part of the Silk Road. The Almaty region is a desert area, but it also has permanent snow and greenery. One of its attractions is the Medio, the world’s largest mountain water sports tourism complex in winter, with a 1,700-metre ski slope.
Almaty is one of the most attractive cities for those looking for some adventure such as mountain climbing, relaxation and the city only knows the summer and winter, but it nevertheless gives you the chance to sunbathe in winter or ice skating for eight months in the year, and Almaty Ba For the charm and beauty of nature and the wild tranquility that holds you away from the hustle and bustle of life in other cities, and Almaty is not devoid of the monuments of ancient civilization, it lies in the middle of the “Great Silk Road”, a network of roads that travelled several continents and connects the island of Java in Southeast Asia to China and then Somalia in Africa and you In Europe through Egypt.
The most prominent is the TV tower, one of the most famous mountain peaks in Almaty, featuring Talger, Komsomol, the Grand Almaty Summit and Cook Topi, the Green Summit, now known as the “television Tower”, which can only be accessed by “cable cars”, which are among the preferred places of the fanin; With its unique location, it overlooks a panoramic landscape of red-studded greenery, while waving from a distant view of the rivers, which intersect on its way to the city, to the north with the mountain slopes of spruce forests, and from the most famous mountains in this area, Tian Shan Fair, a high altitude mountain Slope, and in the south the natural plantations spread over the sides of the mountains, mostly consisting of seasonal forests and cranberry trees.
Ka is considered the “Wadi Charrin” The most famous valleys in this area are 80 kilometers long, 700 kilometers from Almaty, and one of its parts is known as “Wadi al-Castles” Due to its exquisite rock formations, this valley was part of an ocean in prehistoric times, and there are still fossils of marine organisms, as well as other fossils of wolves, elephants and rhinoceros animals that lived in this region for millions of years.
And other valleys that are no less beautiful in this area “valley of the Beasts” Who gained this name thanks to his rock formations that take the forms of legendary monsters, and one of the most famous rock blocks in this valley is a rock resembling three brothers climbing from the bottom of the valley, and another rock resembling a camel descends the valley. Featuring the Red Canyon Unique, it is a natural reserve, where many forms of animal and plant life live, along with some amphibians, reptiles, lizards and rare spiders.
At the same time, Almaty is home to many green parks, interspersed with mountain rivers, a few metres from its main buildings and streets, flowing from the high mountains in the rainy season, and clustered in Lake Balkash, where two rivers flow towards Almaty, namely ” Big and small Matatoka. ”
The architectural character of the city is simple, and in terms of urban planning, Almaty takes the form of a vast rectangular area with a network of intersecting streets, and its limbs surround a series of mountain roads. One of the most famous streets in the city centre is Gogol. The theatre Square is renowned for its beautiful appearance, with gardens, fountains and statues next to the theater building built in an antique architectural style. The hotel “Kazakhstan” is within walking distance, the highest building there, with a height of 701 meters.
The largest mosque in Central Asia
The largest mosque in Almaty was built in 1999 on the ruins of an old building, which accommodates 3,000 worshippers, making it the largest mosque in Central Asia. The walls of this mosque are white marble and polished coloured tiles, with a 70-metre-high dome, 36 metres in height and a 47-metre minaret.
A noteworthy landmark in Almaty is the “Ascension Cathedral” (Russian Cathedral), a 54-metre-high wooden building, which was held between 1904 and 1907.
Almaty is not devoid of the monuments of ancient civilization, as it lies in the middle of the great Silk Road, a network of roads that have travelled several continents and connects the island of Java in South-east Asia to China and then to Somalia in Africa to the end of Europe through Egypt.
Until 1997, Almaty was the capital of Kazakhstan, and although it is no longer the capital, it is still the largest city in the country in terms of area and population where it is inhabited by 1.5 million people, if you are looking for a new style of entertainment other than sandy beaches and holidays of a European or American character, Almaty offers you a unique life-long unforgettable experience. Almaty is located at the foot of the Tian Shan Massif Mountain. Surrounded by mountains of almost every side, and although some of these mountains are not suitable for climbing because of their rocky cliffs and rugged nature, there are other mountains that fit this arduous sport, whether you are climbing the mountains like a hobby on weekends, or you are a professional of this sport and looking from Behind it for heroism and personal glory, Almaty is the place you are looking for. The city from the inside, Almaty is home to many green parks, interspersed with mountain rivers that run a few meters away from its main buildings and streets, flowing from the high mountains in the rainy season and clustered in Lake Balkash, where two rivers flow towards Almaty, “Big and small Matatoka”. The architectural character of the city is simple, and in terms of urban planning, Almaty takes the form of a vast rectangular area with a network of intersecting streets, and its limbs surround a series of mountain roads. One of the most famous streets in the city centre is Gogol. And Formov The theatre Square is renowned for its beauty, as it has gardens, fountains and statues next to the theater building built in an antique architectural style. The hotel “Kazakhstan” is located within walking distance, the highest building in the country with a height of 701 meters. And considered Medio The most famous ski ring in Almaty, with an industrial ice yard operating throughout the year, is located in the mountains at a height of 1700 meters above sea level. From the center of the city, take the Dotic Road (formerly known as the Lenin Road) to its end, where you will find a small river on the banks of a narrow road, a great place to spend quiet times, but if you are looking for adventure, you can bathe in the water of the river and it is cold to freezing all times of the year. University and if you go on the Boulevard “Timmersiv” through the Samal Microrijon area until you reach the street “Dustek”, you will see one of the oldest buildings in Kazakhstan, there after the intersection and next to the bank “Tomam ALM” The new building of the old municipal gymnasium, which is now the headquarters of the State University of Almaty, was built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a traditional model of earthquake-resistant buildings, where it is a low-base building with thick red stone walls, constructed In a pattern known as the “Russian Colonial style”, on the left of the building is an ancient gate of the red stone that does not lead to a particular place, but it is a souvenir of the ancient city of Almaty, and there is a restaurant called “at the Old Gate”, which is spread in this area by small-leaf elm trees and in Summer, its branches intertwine and darken the streets and roads, and on the opposite side of the road there is the “Twenty-eight guard Park” of the Panvilov Ensemble, formerly known as the “Municipal Park”, an old wooden building erected in 1908 to serve as a residence for army officers, It was used as a military barracks of the Russian Army, and in 1980, it was renovated and transformed into a museum of musical instruments. The Silk Road was the most famous road in Almaty known by the name Gorky Street, but that name has now changed to me. “Silk Road” In commemoration of the original Silk Road that was passing through the city, cars and transport are not currently allowed to walk on this street, which is transformed into an amusement centre, where there are marketing, cafes, restaurants and open-air exhibitions. And connects the “Matic” street Between the Silk Road and the 28 Guards Park, this street has the old cinema building, the art house and Citibank Bank. Also branched from the Silk Road is Kolash Basituva, a legendary opera singer who lived from 1912 to 1957, and the buildings on this street are characterized by European and tetoni style and the world-name stores are scattered.
Wadi Malaya Ataka
The other attractive place is the dam in the Malaya Ka Valley, which has protected the city from the silt that the flood has brought in more than once. Today, tourists climb up to 830-degree terraces that reach the bank and give them a comprehensive and spectacular view of the skyline of the sky. Some stay there at night, while others accept a cursory vision. The city of Issyk: Located to the east of Almaty and at the edge of the mountains, a small town with many gardens. Located 15 km from the centre, Lake Issyk, one of the Jewels of Tyne Shan, is the preferred resting place, the place is famous for its colorful mountain rocks, and the Tamgali Valley, the most famous in the region, is located in the area of the Anrakai mountains. A lot of colorful rocks are located in the entrance of the valley.
Cap Chagai water tank: Another attractive landmark near Almaty, the largest in Kazakhstan with a 100 km in 25 km, is the preferred place to swim in summer and to enjoy the sun. The northern side is where houses and rest places are. The 1439-kilometer-long river is the favourite place for adventure tourism, especially small boats and fishing.
Q: The capital Astana is renowned for its world and regional fame. How and why?
A: The reality is that the programs and plans implemented by the Government under the direction of the President of the state Nursultan Nazarbayev have a significant impact on the Renaissance and the boom that Astana has achieved over the past years.
A: The Republic of Kazakhstan is a holiday destination, offering a corridor to many Central Asian countries and an important milestone on the Silk Road, with a unique cultural heritage, where it possesses a rich heritage and ancient archaeological sites. It has common borders with Russia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, China and the Caspian Sea.
It is also a holiday destination and offers a corridor to many Central Asian countries, an important milestone on the Silk Road, with a unique cultural heritage, a rich heritage and ancient archaeological sites, part of the Silk Road, and borders with Russia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, China and the Caspian Sea. Tourists arrive in the country in the months of May to mid-October. The first station is the capital Astana, about 1318 km from the former capital of Almaty.
Kazakhstan has thousands of lakes and rivers, 50,000 lakes and 85 thousand river, according to a government statistic, the Kazakh and residents eat horse meat and drink their dairy, as they drink milk and camel milk (they are the last), and they have a two-hump apple
Located near the city of Semipalatinsk of Siberia, the Russians used it as an exile, renowned for its famous author Dostoevsky. His house has been preserved to this day, and has a great tourist turnout where tourists can see his famous writings such as Crime and punishment. Do not miss the Abay Konanbayev Museum.
It is a country rich in natural resources, with sophisticated manufacturing and agriculture. The country’s main exports are oil, wheat and meat. In addition to being a major export, meat is part of a popular meal. The folk eaters are the Becharmak, which consists of lamb, horse meat and dough. A medicinal drink, the milk of horses, has medicinal properties where the pain of the chest and intestines is treated.
Architectural creations between modern design and Asian dye give them a look that will not be repeated, while the city can now compete with Tokyo, New York and Dubai in terms of its high buildings. Astana became a testing ground for the ideas of prominent British engineer Norman Foster, known as the Master of high-tech architecture. Norman Foster, who built the Millennium Bridge in London and the world’s largest airport in Beijing, renovated the Bundestag in Berlin. In Astana, Norman Foster designed the Palace of Peace and harmony, which is the house of the most rad religions in the world. The British architect team also designed the new recreation center of the Kazakh capital-Khan Chater.
Astana was chosen to become the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the late 1990s, boasting its new construction and construction projects, as the Government is still working to establish the city’s infrastructure. The Achim River separates the old and new neighborhoods of the city, while the old neighborhoods constructed under the Soviet Union are located on the north side and the state-of-the-art district and monuments, such as the Birik-style tower, are heading south. Its main street is the centre of entertainment and work places.
Perhaps the first thing that attracts a visitor to the city during the Bayterek Tower, because of its large size and location in the heart of the city is called the local people name Chups Chupa and represents the symbol of transformation and change witnessed in the capital since 1997, which is designed by architect Norman Foster. During your journey you can take a look at the printed hand of the first President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, a pure gold. The Pyramid of Peace (also known as the Peace and Reconciliation Palace) is also designed by Sir Norman Foster, inaugurated in 2006, to be the forum of the representatives of the great religions to come together to discuss how to spread peace, harmony and coexistence among religions.
71 cities participated in the construction of Astana, and 432 construction companies participated, while 135 factories were provided with the necessary building materials. In addition to Kazakh companies, the new capital was built by Italian and Turkish companies, both French and Swiss. Every year, 60-100 middle and large construction companies engaged in the process. The result of forced rates of construction and broad national support was a unique modern city and style within the Kazakh steppe. During the work on the architectural design and ideas of the city, the experts took into account the idea of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to give the city a Eurasian appearance. The Astana development plan was designed by the renowned Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa, a renowned construction entrepreneur in the world, such as the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, Kuala Lumpur International Airport, and the National Museum of Ethnology in Osaka.
Astana received the UNESCO “City of the World” award in July July 1999, and in 2003 it was mentioned by the world’s leading rating agency, Moodiz invistores service. The young Kazakh capital became an important part of the “distinctive sign of Kazakhstan” and the pride of the country, its people and its president. In one of his meetings with the journalists, the Kazakh president said: “We have enormous plans.” The capital is already growing and becoming the most attractive place to come and stay for citizens of Kazakhstan and guests from abroad. Astana is now operating 710 square kilometres, with a population of more than 700,000 people.
The architectural style of the city, which combines the best traditions of European and Eastern cultures, perfectly reflects the appearance of the new capital as a national centre of economy, politics and culture in a very short period of time, radically changing the urban landscape of the city, and continues to be transformed into modern.
At night, Astana also looks great with the artificial lighting of its buildings, the lights of its streets, its garlands, the multiple colours of its fountains on the Ishim River, its bridges, and the lighted facades of its shops, bars and nightclubs.
Q: How does Astana deal with the different races in the country?
A: Astana reflects the realities of contemporary Kazakhstan as a multi-ethnic and multireligious country, where the representatives of all races, races and great religions lived here in Kazakhstan and worked together. It is no coincidence that Astana has become a venue for the organization of mega-forums where issues of inter-ethnic relations and interfaith cooperation are widely debated, and Astana has hosted forums of leaders of world religions. In 2001, Vatican Pope John Paul II visited Astana, which reflected his appreciation of Kazakhstan’s contribution to the solution of religious problems. In 2010, Kazakhstan chaired the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and Astana hosted the organization’s summit. In 2011, in Astana, the Asian Games were organized, with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) as the Summit and the World Assembly of the Kazakh. These forums have resulted in decisions that have an impact on a global scale.
Today, Astana has truly become a symbol of the triumph of the national idea and of integrity. The future of Kazakhstan is closely linked to the future of Astana, which was only recently seen as a “new capital”, but today it is indeed an integral part of the new image of Kazakhstan, the country that is moving forward towards the twenty-first century.
Aksu zhabagly protected Natural
In addition to the protected area, Korgzine is a natural reserve, famous for its pink Flemish and other rare species of wildlife and botanical gardens, as well as an interesting Altyn Emel National Park for its rich nature. Katoon Karajai National Park is home to a great variety of coral reefs as well as red deer, whose horns are a costly medicine. During tourism in Kazakhstan you can visit these national parks and gardens and identify rare species of animals and plants.