Unique racial mixing of Kazakh society
Everyone agrees that pluralism Social phenomenon is inherent in human society, where cultural and ethnic differences And religious and its consequent heterogeneity in visions and attitudes that contribute in one way or another to To supplement the society with its different forms and colors.
Undoubtedly, plurality in the sense of “diversity The difference “phenomenon in itself is not a problem, but the problem arises when it leads Such diversity and divergence have negative effects on the security and stability of society. It is no secret One that there are many regions of the world that have known the phenomenon of diversity and difference
Make the global experience of countries Multi-ethnic Obviously the true integration between races and ethnic politics Preventive efforts to prevent conflict between them are possible provided that the rights of all Citizens, regardless of their race or religious affiliation, are protected by law and monitored State authorities and the strong equality of rights, as well as taking into account the needs of all groups Ethnicity when achieving harmony.
Despite its relatively short history As a sovereign country, Kazakhstan is widely known in the world as a bright and very successful example Of the way in which many ethnic groups live and coexist peacefully in one country.
One of the greatest achievements is The Republic of Kazakhstan over the years of its independence in creating a model of peace and concord between Races and races within the country. This is indeed a remarkable achievement for government and society Kazakh, as a country where more than 130 representatives live Ethnic group.
In 1995, at the initiative of the President Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, the Assembly of the people of Kazakhstan was established, which is currently implementing a letter Important on the strengthening of the nation, the consolidation of tolerance and reconciliation between ethnic groups and the creation of the environment Favourable to their full development. The assembly is an important vital mechanism for achieving progress and strengthening National government policy, which is widely addressed throughout the world.
At the end of the day I have each group Ethnicity living in Kazakhstan real possibilities to participate in the creation of ethnic and civil identity Of the citizens of Kazakhstan. Therefore, the Government of the country is creating this direction for development and preparing regulations And mechanisms for its implementation. But it is impossible to do daily work and local interaction and find a solution To immediate and circumstantial problems without the participation of civil society. Looking at the model Kazakh inter-ethnic harmony from this point, one can clearly understand the role Carried out by the Assembly of the people of Kazakhstan within the system. In this case the assembly is As the link between society and the Government in this sensitive and delicate field Of inter-ethnic relations.
It is no coincidence that the activities Agro-industrial complex and largely its regional divisions, or so-called associations Ethno-cultural. The activities of the agro-industrial complex will not be effective without them.
That people’s consciousness of their equality with no Separating them into basic and secondary allowing the production of effective mechanisms to achieve harmony between The races.
In Kazakhstan at the present time there All opportunities to make civil society the main organizer of the race relations system. This means that the role played by the Assembly of the people of Kazakhstan, which is already a body Constitutional, will be steadily growing.
In general, the distinctive peculiarities of the Kazakh model of inter-ethnic relations that make it unique are the following:
First: The Kazakh model was created primarily on the basis of the revival of the languages and cultures of ethnic groups living in Kazakhstan. In this regard, ethnic government policy has been the result of interaction between civil society and state authorities and has not been the outcome of deliberate government management.
Second: All ethnic groups in Kazakhstan have a civil, legal and societal status High-level, not formally regarded as ethnic minorities, but treated equally as parts Indivisible from the people of Kazakhstan. This unique policy was achieved thanks to the traditions Tolerance extended for centuries and enjoyed by the predominantly Kazakh nation in The state. The appearance of this was manifested in the reform Of the Constitution of 1995, in which the preamble to Kazakhstan contained the words “We are the people Kazakhstan “which has become the basis of the country’s ethnic model.
Third: the needs of ethnic groups in Kazakhstan are represented in State bodies And the government system through its direct participation either in those bodies, or in the assembly The people of Kazakhstan.
The President of the Assembly is the President of Kazakhstan, Something that holds people to believe that the ethnic groups of Kazakhstan possess all The necessary tools to implement its interests and all the introductions to achieve harmonious development of the field The country’s ethnic politics.
The adoption of the law of the People’s Assembly Kazakhstan “in 2008 around the assembly to one of the unique and crucial elements Of the national political system, where the structure and composition of the Assembly were legally adopted.
The most important component is the process Building peace in the world on issues related to how to organize the Inter-group dialogue Ethnicity, cultures and religions. Creating an environment conducive to such interaction is Dialogue between civil society and State institutions in order to encourage inter-ethnic contacts between Religions and people continue and tolerate among themselves the basis for Kazakhstan’s achievements, which include Also the strong spiritual foundations of national cohesion, especially at critical times, such as The global financial crisis. At the same time the uniqueness of the Kazakh model is represented in The desire of all ethnic groups in the country to transform their diversity into common.